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Alaska Blind Child Discovery

A cooperative, charitable research project to vision screen every preschool Alaskan


Retinoblastoma ("RB") is a serious, genetically-influenced, white tumor of the retina in children. Untreated, RB is 96% fatal. Retinoblastoma occurs in 1 in 10,000 -20,000 children. A missing gene on the short arm of chromosome 13 increases the risk of RB in multiple locations in one or both eyes and in the pineal gland. If the white tumor is directly in the back of the retina, it may be one of the causes of white reflex instead of the normal red reflex in the pupil called "LEUKOCORIA." Consistent cases of white pupil should be promptly evaluated with careful retinal exam to rule out retinoblastoma; therefore leukocoria (H44.53_) as a diagnosis MUST prompt a CONFIRMATORY eye exam.  
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