Confirmatory Eye Examination is medically
indicated for positive answers to:
AAO / AAPOS Ocular History:
-Does your child seem to see well?
-Does your child hold objects close to his/her face when trying to focus?
-Do your child’s eyes appear straight or do they seem to cross or
drift or seem lazy?
-Do your child’s eyes appear unusual?
-Do your child’s eyelids droop or does 1 eyelid tend to close?
-Have your child’s eye(s) ever been injured? [Eye surgery?]
AAP / AAO / AAPOS Relevant Family History (parents or siblings):
-pre-school or early childhood use of eyeglasses
-metabolic / genetic disorders
AAP / AAO / AAPOS Medical History:
-Very premature (less than 1500 gram birth weight, 31 weeks GA)
-Intrauterine growth retardation
-significant developmental delay
Systemic disease associated with eye abnormalities
-Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA or "JIA")
-Herpetic Infection of face or head
-Fetal Alcohol Exposure
-Suspected child abuse
Swanson J. Eye examination in infants, children and young
adults by pediatricians: AAP Policy Statement. Ophthalmology. 2003;110(4):860-865.