ABCD logo

Alaska Blind Child Discovery

A cooperative, charitable research project to vision screen every preschool Alaskan
 

Validation- 2 Criteria?

 
Home
    Validation Flowchart for Photoscreening    
ABCD History
           
Kids Eye Disorders
           
Amblyopia
           
Vision Screening
           
Issues
           
ABCD Clinics
           
References
 

Validation of vision screening actually involves two criteria.
Similar to target shooting. One on the target- the other on the gun-sight.

The target is a concentric circle and you score when you hit the bulls eye. That resembles the AAPOS 2003 GSE amblyopia risk factor cut offs.Your gun has an adjustable sight; that is like how far you let the crescent progress in the pupil. In a Plusoptix, a Welch Allyn Suresight, a Retinomax and a SPOT- it may be an output level that is reported as a refractive error. This can be confusing since the terminology is the same as the concentric rings on the target- or the bulls eye.Our TRUE and FALSE are dependent on the AAPOS 2003 GSE. large intermittent strabismus is a potentially variable True or False. Other cases are partial media opacity or eyelashes over the pupil.
The refer or pass relate to the specific referral criteria for a given screener. Inconclusive might mean aiming at a still child, but getting no output from the screener, or too small a pupil, but it can also mean an autistic kid crying who won't even look at the screener.

A different analogy might be an unmarked thermometer and trying to determine whether a child has an infection. Infections usually cause fever- and pediatricians agree this is above 101°F or 38C- these are similar to the 2003 AAPOS GSE criteria. Markings on your glass vaccuum tube with mercury- these are like the referal criteria for your screening instrument.

Therefore, in validation, there are two types of criteria: 1) a criteria specific to your screening instrument that allows you to determine "refer" or "pass," and 2) the outcome criteria from confirmatory, cycloplegic examination of what levels of refractive error, or ocular alignment constitute a "TRUE" or "FALSE" amblyopia risk factor.

 
Contact ABCD
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
           
 
    Visionscreen Validation Grid (Excel)    
 
           
 
           
 
           

 

abcd-textnav
Home | ABCD History | Pediatric Eye Diseases | Amblyopia | Vision Screening | Issues | ABCD Clinics | Reference | Contact ABCD